来说说“情人节(Valentine’s Day)”

“情人节的英文名到底是怎么来的?”“情人节为什么不叫‘Lover's Day’?”……这些问题都是我这几天在上课的时候同学们经常问我的问题。甚至有人还直接问我:“valentine是不是等于lover?”问题虽小但是可以看出同学们不认识情人节但却年年都在过情人节。今天是情人节,希望大家能够过一个真正有“内涵”的情人节。就让我们从认识:情人节以及情人节英文名字的由来开始吧。以下的英文文本摘自Wiki百科,相信大家看完之后对情人节应该有很深入的了解了。


250px-Antique_Valentine_05

Traditional symbols of Valentine's Day include hearts, doves, Cupid and love notes. American postcard, circa 1900.Also called St. Valentine's Day

Observed by

Christian and Christian-influenced cultures

Type

Christian, cultural, multinational

Significance

Lovers express their feelings to each other

Date

February 14

Observances

Sending greeting cards and gifts, dating.

Numerous early Christian martyrs were named Valentine.[4] Until 1969, the Catholic Church formally recognized eleven Valentine's Days. The Valentines honored on February 14 are Valentine of Rome (Valentinus presb. m. Romae) and Valentine of Terni (Valentinus ep. Interamnensis m. Romae).[5] Valentine of Rome[6] was a priest in Rome who suffered martyrdom about AD 269 and was buried on the Via Flaminia. His relics are at the Church of Saint Praxed in Rome.[7] and at Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church in Dublin, Ireland.

Valentine of Terni[8] became bishop of Interamna (modern Terni) about AD 197 and is said to have been killed during the persecution of Emperor Aurelian. He is also buried on the Via Flaminia, but in a different location than Valentine of Rome. His relics are at the Basilica of Saint Valentine in Terni (Basilica di San Valentino).[9]

The Catholic Encyclopedia also speaks of a third saint named Valentine who was mentioned in early martyrologies under date of February 14. He was martyred in Africa with a number of companions, but nothing more is known about him.[10]

No romantic elements are present in the original early medieval biographies of either of these martyrs. By the time a Saint Valentine became linked to romance in the fourteenth century, distinctions between Valentine of Rome and Valentine of Terni were utterly lost.[11]

In the 1969 revision of the Roman Catholic Calendar of Saints, the feastday of Saint Valentine on February 14 was removed from the General Roman Calendar and relegated to particular (local or even national) calendars for the following reason: "Though the memorial of Saint Valentine is ancient, it is left to particular calendars, since, apart from his name, nothing is known of Saint Valentine except that he was buried on the Via Flaminia on February 14."[12] The feast day is still celebrated in Balzan (Malta) where relics of the saint are claimed to be found, and also throughout the world by Traditionalist Catholics who follow the older, pre-Vatican II calendar.

The Early Medieval acta of either Saint Valentine were excerpted by Bede and briefly expounded in Legenda Aurea.[13] According to that version, St Valentine was persecuted as a Christian and interrogated by Roman Emperor Claudius II in person. Claudius was impressed by Valentine and had a discussion with him, attempting to get him to convert to Roman paganism in order to save his life. Valentine refused and tried to convert Claudius to Christianity instead. Because of this, he was executed. Before his execution, he is reported to have performed a miracle by healing the blind daughter of his jailer.

Legenda Aurea still providing no connections whatsoever with sentimental love, appropriate lore has been embroidered in modern times to portray Valentine as a priest who refused an unattested law attributed to Roman Emperor Claudius II, allegedly ordering that young men remain single. The Emperor supposedly did this to grow his army, believing that married men did not make for good soldiers. The priest Valentine, however, secretly performed marriage ceremonies for young men. When Claudius found out about this, he had Valentine arrested and thrown in jail. In an embellishment to The Golden Legend, on the evening before Valentine was to be executed, he wrote the first "valentine" himself, addressed to a young girl variously identified as his beloved,[14] as the jailer's daughter whom he had befriended and healed,[15] or both. It was a note that read "From your Valentine."[14]


看完所有的介绍,大家应该知道什么是情人节了吧。

但是,有人可能还觉着不过瘾,甚至可能还会提及另一个情人节,那就是家喻户晓的“白色情人节(White Day)”,那什么是白色情人节呢?

白色情人节英语White Day日语ホワイトデー韩语화이트데이),订于3月14日,为纯粹的商业行销手段产物。

在日本,通常欲告白的女方会在情人节2月14日)的时候送礼给心仪的对象,而收到礼物的一方,则会在3月14日回礼并告诉女方自己的心意。亚洲部份地区如台湾韩国的年轻人亦会庆祝这个节日。

  白色情人节的历史来源

最早诞生于1977年,由日本福冈市博多区的甜点(果子)制造商“石村万盛堂”所发起,以鼓吹收到心意的一方应该要回礼给对方,作为促销糖果的手段,节日最早称为“糖果赠送日”(キャンデーを赠る日)。自1980年起,因为糖果所使用的砂糖是白色,所以改称为“白色情人节”。

不久后,巧克力制造商发现他们也可以在这个节日中获利,因此也开始促销白色的巧克力。现在,在这一天要回礼时,除了糖果与白巧克力之外,还包括其他各种礼品。

目前关于情人节与白色情人节,到底是男先送礼还是女方先送礼,已不再有定论,重点是这样的节日让有情有缘的男女双方都有一个可以发挥与表达自我心意的时机,相关的商人们,当然也就乐得大发利市了。

根据日本全国饴果子工业协同组合的解说,“白色情人节”定在3月14日的原因是由于公元三世纪时,罗马帝国皇帝克劳狄二世在首都罗马宣布废弃所有婚姻的承诺,下令全国男子都要从军。一名叫华伦泰(Sanctus Valentinus)的神父没有遵照这个旨意而继续为相恋的男女举行婚礼。事情被告发后,华伦泰神父被罗马政府捸捕,最后在公元270年2月14日这天被送上了绞架被绞死。而在一个月后的3月14日,这对获救的恋人宣誓恋情将至死不渝,为纪念这天于是另定为白色情人节。但是这个解说是完全没有历史根据的。

在中国,其实情人节是最多的,除了西方人过的“Valentine's Day”、“White Day” 还有,咱中国人自己的“七夕情人节”,“元宵节”以及“上巳节”,甚至有人还会说“天天都是情人节”,所以这也是让西方人最为羡慕的。

  • 七夕节(农历七月初七):有一些人把中国的传统节日元宵节七夕称作“中国的情人节”,在汉代,七夕的庆祝已经很普遍了,但传统上庆祝七夕的内容与情侣约会之类的活动无关,只是乞巧、许愿的节日。后来由于牛郎织女在七夕鹊桥相会的传说赋予了七夕节以情人节的含义。近年中国年轻人又以庆祝西洋情人节的方式庆祝七夕,内容上与传统习俗并无关系。
  • 元宵节(农历正月十五):元宵节在习俗上比较近似情人节,在唐代中,就有描写元宵节的诗句。在宋代朱淑真(一说为欧阳修所作)的生查子写道:“月上柳梢头,人约黄昏后”。
  • 上巳节(农历三月初三):在一些少数民族依然流行的节日上巳节(又称三月三)更符合情人节的内容。上巳节本来是青年男女踏青社交、结交异性的节日,汉之前更有野合习俗,后来礼教兴起,野合的习俗消失,但当时男女交往还是比后世自由,年轻男女依然会在当天到郊外踏青游玩。到南宋理学兴起,礼教变得森严,上巳节就在汉民族文化中式微了。

到这里大家应该彻底了解了“情人节”。还是祝大家“情人节”快乐吧。

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