2008年10月12日北美托福机经

阅读我做了5篇
前三篇我已经不太记得了,反正不是考古的就是史前人类咋样咋样的,感觉好像今天跟历史考古有愁...反正做的很郁闷
加试一篇是生物方面的,也不太记得,对不起了
最后一篇还记得比较清楚,说小孩子怎么样算是在玩(play),有三种方法去判断,一种function approach, 一种structure approach(主要关注有没有什么play signal体现出来),但这两种方法是distinct的(有题),而且也有缺陷,所以又来了第三种方法,critia法,这种方法是关注观察者本身(有题),在他们观察的同时给出几个判断标准(具体标准文章里会讲,反正不是很重要)
阅读做下来感受总觉得选项蛮晦涩的,有些选项要琢磨琢磨才能选出来……
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听力感觉语速和Kaplan的差不多,听懂应该不成问题,但选项也很晦涩
第一篇对话是一个学生去writing center请求帮助修改论文,但在该校区appointment要约到下个星期,但本周五上午男孩子就要交论文了。
然后说到北校区男孩子路过,但北校区只能engineering的学生去听。
又说到西校区,西校区所有的学生都可以去听,但非常远,而且那个时间男孩子有化学实验不能去。
最后的结果怎样反正不是很重要(没有题),这篇文章还算简单
有一个art histroy class,说一个人热衷water color painting的,不是很记得。
有botany class,一个教授开始说长寿命的树能记录周遭环境的变化,一个男学生提了一个问题说为啥有树能活这么长寿命?然后整堂课都在解释这个问题,主要提到一种叫B** Pine的树,长在土壤不肥沃气候又不很宜人的地方,但却非常长寿。其见会有一种加利福尼亚的什么什么树(也蛮长寿的)跟它比较。题目记不清了啊……SORRY
一个对话说一个学生要去drop一门关于莎士比亚戏剧的课(有目的题),因为她之前学过了(有题),想要做independent study,教授对此发表了些看法,说自己讲的课肯定跟别的老师不一样(有题),学生说她在英国学习的时候经常做这种独立研究,应该没问题。教授于是说那好吧,你要写个proposal,然后把你上学期写的论文给我看看(有题问为啥要交论文给教授?应该是帮助evaluate她独立学习的能力)
这篇文章女孩子说话非常快,要注意啊。
还有一篇biology的文章,说动物变化体温以适应0度以下的环境的,题目不是很记得……
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口语:
1. 说一个你觉得不感兴趣(或者很难对付)但又非常重要的学科,具体到为啥难对付但又为什么重要.
personally speaking, i definitely think math is a subject that fit this description, i mean, i am not interested in math although it is a fundmental one. First, you know, there are so many complicated fomulars in the math study. sometimes i just can't get them into my mind although i have spent, like, 1 hour on them. they just seem to beyond me always. and this really drive me nuts. on the other hand, i am fully aware that math is a fundmental subject. you know, if you really want to study other subjects like physics , biology and chemistry well. it is a must that you really have study math in the first place. by the way, i am pretty interested in physics , so i am determined to work on math more and try to do it well.
2. 你愿意去电影院看电影还是在家看,为啥?
本题我们在第一节课说过的,在此我选择在家看
personally speaking, i prefer to watch movies at home for the following reasons. first, because it is much cheaper to do so. you see, if you choose to watch movies in theatres, you need to spend at least 50 yuan for the ticket, while if i do this at home, i can even download some free movies from the internet. second ,i will have much more freedom at home. since i can talk with my family members about the movie we are watching freely while i can't do this in theatres since this will bother other audiences. finally,i can eat any sort of snacks at home. for example, my favoirte snack is sun-flower seeds. without which i think it is a big missing piece while i am watching movies. again it is impossible for me to have sun-flower seeeds in theatres.
以下题目给予关键词组和句型:另外,请各位不要忘了模板,如in this set of materials, ....我用过两次绝对没有问题。。另外,如果自己语速还可以,对reading material可以稍稍涉及,但不要讲的太多以至于影响后续的答题时间
3. 一个学生写了一个letter到学校报纸,说应该在期末考试周期间make food available at the residence hall。
女学生觉得这个idea太棒了,这样考试复习期间只要楼下买点吃的,复习进程就不会被出门觅食interrupt.另外晚上如果饿了去自动贩卖机里只有热量很高的垃圾食品,吃了只想睡觉。如果有点三明治啥的吃了肯定能继续精神抖擞的看书复习。

in this listening material, the woman thinks this is a really cool idea for the following reasons.
get down stairs(Examda.com)
don't have to go out to buy sth to eat will not be interrupted
vending machine high fat food junk food make you sleepy sandwich have the energy to keep on studying
4. Halo error, 就是根据你了解的这个人的情况, tendency of generalize a person's ability, 但这种judgement经常是错的。
听力里教授举了个例子,他从前的一个舍友物理极其好,然后他就请这个同学一起做roommate,但没想到他东西乱堆一团糟根本是一个bad roommate。但为啥教授会觉得他应该是一个好roommate?只是因为他知道该同学物理好,就错误的判断他应该也是一个好roommate
in this lecture , the professor gives us an example
roommate who is pretty good at physics mess the dorm because he is aware that he is good at physics this is a kind of misjudgement
5. 女学生放假准备回家,打算后天走。一个roommate offer a lift, 但是明天就要出发,这样她就必须stay up whole night去完成一个paper。
或者她也可以坐bus回家,这样bus是在后天走,她可以有一整天做paper。但是bus路上boring, 很long。
(我觉得还是bus吧,一整天做paper不用这么熬夜啦,而且比起很快就要见到家人的期待感,这点boring算啥,呵呵)
ready to go home to spend the vacation plan to set out the day after tommorrow
take the bus for the following 2 reasons
don't have to stay up, based on my own experience it nearly kills to stay up
it is boring ,she can choose to listen to some music or something like this. like me i usually kill my time on a bus in this way and it worked pretty well
6. 动物集体觅食。分两种,一种是同种动物集体觅食,比如一群狮子猎斑马
还有一种是不同种动物互相帮助觅食,有一种啥honey guy(具体是啥不知道,音是这样的), 知道哪有蜂蜜,但进不去采不到。但另一种叫bearthal(大概是这个吧,音反正是这样的),不知道哪有蜜但却有办法采到蜜。所以两个动物就合作啦
prey on zebra cooperative preying the problem with this kind of bee is
work with each other to get the honey
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Writing
1. UK考古学面临3大问题:1, 很多有价值的简直被建筑工程破坏;2,依靠政府资金,所以资金不足;3,学考古的人找不到工作。
LISTEN里给出了一个new rule解决了这三大问题,说所有建筑工程开工前都必须由考古学者进行exam和评估,plan下怎么保护有价值的site;而这些exam啊评估啊的费用全部都要由建筑公司承担,所以提供了新的资金来源;因为有了这个法案,所以同时也提供了很多考古学者工作的机会。
2. Agree or disagree, in order to succeed, you should be more like others than be different from everyone else.

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